What is an Investment – part 1

Basics of Investment

Investment is one of the pillars of personal finance, and when money is well invested, it helps to grow by leaps and bounds to you to attain your financial objectives. It can be hard to describe what counts as an investment, however. A lot of people have very few ideas about what investments are, while others cast an excessively broad net and mark nearly all as an investment.

So, we’ll be helping you use your money wisely to investigate what the term “investment” applies to and look at some joint investments that you should consider.

In different concepts and theories, the word “investment” is defined differently. Although in nature, the meaning of each definition is alike, in many contexts, it is taken up.


Meaning of Investment according to major aspects.

  • Financial Aspect

Investment refers to setting capital away, with the hope of potential profits. The financial investment can be in many ways, such as the buying of shares, securities, mutual funds, cash, and real estate, and so on. Hence, in basic terms, investing is the general human intention of future planning by placing capital in assets that will produce certain profits over time.

Therefore, it’s referred to as an asset that you purchase with an intention you make a profit by selling it in the future.

  • Economic Aspect

Investment is characterized as several purchased goods that are not being used for the present time but are being used for future wealth development.

Investment types according to the duration

  • Short Term investments

The classification of short-term investments applies to funds invested in investment instruments that will mature within one year or are intended to be liquidated within one year. Examples of these instruments are money market funds and shares which are marketable.

Most actively traded investments can be considered short-term investments, as they can easily be liquidated. The sum invested in those instruments on the investor’s balance sheet is known as a current asset.

  • Long Term Investments

Usually, receivable notes, securities, and bonds are called long-term assets if management expects to retain them for more than a year. Traditionally, none of those assets is used in operating activities. For example, usually, a corporation does not purchase bonds as part of its activities unless it is an investment firm. Bond purchases would be regarded as investments for a manufacturer.


Major types of Investment Categories

Cash Equivalents

These are assets that are “as good as cash,” meaning they can easily and rapidly be turned back into cash.

  • Money Market investments

Lending Investments

Money lending is an investment category. The risks are usually smaller than for a lot of investments, and thus the benefits are relatively low.

A bond issued by a firm or government may pay a fixed amount of interest for a given period. The only real danger is that the company or government may go bankrupt, in which case the bondholder can get little to no return on the investment.

  • Treasury Bonds
  • Fixed Term savings

Ownership Investments

Ownership is what most people consider when tossing around the word investment. These are the investment class which is most unpredictable and profitable. Examples are below.

  • Stock market
  • Long term projects
  • Business

What are the main Characteristics of Investment?

Risk & return are the two main characteristics of any project. Risk means chances of losing any of the money you’ve spent. Return means the extra amount of money that you continue to gain on your investment.

Risk-return balance varies for each form of investment, depending on the business conditions and economic circumstances. Typically speaking, if you’re looking for a better return on your investment, you need to be prepared to take a higher risk. On the other hand, under-risk investments continue to yield lower returns.

What are the important factors to consider when Investing?

  • Seeking available market opportunities

The investment market is full of possibilities. By applying a careful strategy, you will explore the market.

You should take assistance from financial advisors, executives who have in-depth expertise in capital investing. Explore the potential of financial markets, and the wise investment decisions hit the sublime height of achievement.

  • Planning for the financial establishment

Across all areas are planning plays a crucial role. One must have a specific strategy for financial investment by considering all business conditions of rising and fall.

Before preparing for financial investment, you should have sufficient investment awareness. Keen observation and concentrated approach are essential criteria for successful financial investment.

  • Invest according to your Needs and Capability

The intention behind the investment should be evident, from the investment, through which you can meet your needs. Financial capacity is also a component in investment that can offer you happiness and whatever results you want.

You can start investing as per your capacity from a small sum. To choose the right strategy for you, you will think about your income and stability.

Basics of Investment

Importance of Investing

In today’s unpredictable world, saving is critical for creating a stable future. To fulfill your aspirations and financial ambitions, investing the money you earn wisely is not only necessary to earn but also extremely essential. There are a lot of benefits of investing. Any of them include:

  • To children weddings
  • In retirement.
  • Allows you to overcome inflation and improved financial well-being
  • Allows you to live a happy golden day of your life
  • Let you gain extra money
  • Make property.
  • For potential acquisitions of properties such as Home, Vehicle, etc.
  • For children’s education.
  • This will allow you to live a better financial future

You need to identify your target before investing in any asset, for what reason you invest, and after how many years I need money because different forms of investment require different time horizons to achieve your goals.

Major Examples/Types for investments:

  1. A stock is a security that reflects ownership of an investor or shareholder in a business sold by the firm. The company then uses the money to fund operations, and the investor earns dividends or tax incentives, depending on the success and profits of the company.
  2. An exchanged fund, or ETF, is an index fund that is traded on exchanges like stocks. Such funds can hold a variety of securities and properties.
  3. Options are securities that are focused on forwarding transactions. Such contracts require investors to reserve the right at a later date and a specified price to trade in securities.
  4. A bond is a form of debt security in which a lender or creditor, in exchange for interest or other payments, finances the loan of another. In comparison to a portfolio, a bond does not represent an interest in a company.
  5. Mutual funds are a kind of mutual fund or a pooled account. Third-party financial managers use capital from various investors to purchase a variety of different forms of security that they typically bill for their job fees. These securities include debt, hybrid, money market, and funds with fixed income.
  6. Retirement plans are tax-advantaged programs intended to help people budget for their future and retirement. The account can be connected to a variety of investment vehicles that increase its value.

Hopefully, I think you get basic idea of “Investing”. On the next topics I will cover these topics individually.

So, stay with us. Comment below your suggestions.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here